The Christianity of the Ascension: Our Potential in Christ

Sunday after Ascension, May 24, 2015
Rev. Fr. Andrew Stephen Damick

In the Name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, one God. Amen.

From middle school all the way through high school, if you could chart a single theme in the comments that teachers would make to my parents, whether in parent-teacher conferences, report cards, or notes sent home, that theme would be this: “Does not work up to potential.” Whether it was my B-minus graduating GPA in high school, my occasional complete failure to turn in homework, or my lackluster approach to the beginning of college, it was clear that I was not a particularly inspired student.

I put my heart into other things, whether it was the theatre crowd in high school or playing around on the Internet in college.

With a lot of grace I did better in seminary. One of lessons that I have taken away from my time in formal education is that if I do not have any sense of what I am trying to achieve in a task, especially a long-term one, my results will not be very good. This seems obvious enough, but I am sure that many of you have known (or, like me, perhaps have been) people who do not work up to potential. We have to know what we’re trying to achieve. The principle is obvious, but what is it that gets in the way?

The failure to live up to potential is based in a lack of vision, not knowing or not focusing on our purpose. At the same time, even if there is some vision, it can be blurred by distractions that pull our hearts away from what is needed.

This weekend, we are continuing to celebrate the Great Feast of the Ascension of Christ, a theme that continues until this Friday. Like many of the Great Feasts of the Church, our celebration of the Ascension lasts for more than one day; therefore we continue to contemplate what this feast means for us and for our salvation in Christ.

In the Ascension, in a way distinct from on the Cross or in the Resurrection, we see the fulfillment and purpose of Christ’s mission to Earth. Through the Cross and the Resurrection, Christ tramples upon death and destroys its hold over us. And in the Ascension, we see what the purpose of death’s destruction was. We see what is now possible for us because of the Cross and Resurrection.

So what happens at the Ascension?

On the most obvious level, we might say that in the Ascension, Jesus is going back home. After spending about thirty-three years on Earth, having accomplished what He came to do, He is returning to His Father. But He is bringing something back with Him—humanity.

Whenever we recite the Nicene Creed, we affirm that He “ascended into Heaven and sat down at the right hand of the Father.” We’re not just telling the story here, that Jesus did what He came here to do and then went back to Heaven. When He ascended, the disciples who stood there on the Mount of Olives saw Him go up into Heaven not as a spirit or ghost. They saw Him ascend with His human body and all that it means to be human, including a soul, mind, will—everything.

So now the Son of God is sitting at the right hand of God the Father, right where He belongs, right where He paradoxically never left even while spending thirty-three years with us here on Earth. But now, as of the Ascension, included in the divine Person of the Son of God at that divine right hand is human nature. There is now a human man sitting at the right hand of the Father! There, in that place beyond place, that location beyond all sense of time and space, that reality impossible for us to fathom, incredible to human reason, ineffable to human experience, is a human man with a body just like ours, a soul just like ours, emotions just like ours, a mind just like ours. He is one with us, just as He is one with His Father. So there sits the God-man.

So what does this have to do with working up to our potential? Many Christians in America these days have no sense of the Ascension. For most of them, it’s not even on their calendar. For those who do not pay attention to the Ascension, Christian life consists mainly in waiting to go to Heaven when they die. In the meantime, they work on morality and maybe politics. Or they mainly work on expanding the size of their congregations. Or perhaps they devote themselves to social problems.

But this is a reduced Christianity. This is not the Christianity of the Ascension.

This reduced Christianity is about the things you do after you have the conversion experience. You’re a Christian now, so now you go out there and work on other people rather than yourself.

What is so seductive about this reduced Christianity is that it appeals to our desire not to live up to the potential of the Christianity of the Ascension. We settle for a lot less. But in the Orthodox tradition salvation in Christ is not a “Get Out of Hell Free” card that we get to play at the end of our lives, preceded by a few decades of religious activism in the meantime. Salvation means union with Jesus Christ, which takes dying to ourselves, putting Him on in baptism, and then growing into His likeness, becoming more and more suffused with the power and energy of the Holy Trinity, rising from the dead at the end of time and then ascending with Him to glory. The Ascension is our destiny as Christians. If we are in Christ, we sit at the right hand of God the Father, participating in the glory and the majesty of the Godhead, experiencing the divine life of God Himself.

Getting to that point, where we ascend with Him from the Mount of Olives, requires extended effort and focus. We have to be inspired. We have to want it so badly that we will do whatever it takes to get it. If we are not willing to be crucified with Him, then we are not headed toward the Ascension. If we are not willing to set aside everything for Him, then we are not headed toward the Ascension. If we love Him, we will keep His commandments, and if we do not keep them, how can we say we love Him? And if we do not love Him, how can we expect to be in communion with Him, not to mention “happily ever after” in Heaven?

In today’s Gospel reading from John chapter seventeen, in one of my favorite passages in Scripture, the Lord Jesus tells us what it means to have eternal life. He says this: “And this is eternal life, that they know Thee the only true God, and Jesus Christ Whom Thou hast sent.” Are we doing what it takes to know God? Everyone wants eternal life, but is that proven by the pursuit of knowing God?

If we want eternal life, then that means knowing God. So how do I get to know God so that I can have eternal life? It starts with Jesus, Who is the Son of God Who reveals to us the Father. The place to begin is really getting to know Him in the Gospels, by reading them all and getting to know them well. It also takes prayer. When you want to get to know someone, you spend time with him. You can’t do it just by reading about him or hearing someone else talk about him. You’ve got to get your own experience.

As time goes by, and we participate in all these things, especially in the sacraments, the holy mysteries where Jesus touches us directly, we find that we really do know Him, know His character, His personality, the way He communicates and acts. We find that we can’t imagine life without Him. We find that we begin to imitate Him. Doesn’t this happen with all our friends? The more time we spend with them, the more we become like them.

Jesus Christ took the initiative. He came to earth and became like us. He spent time with us. He is still here, spending time with us. So we respond. And we follow Him everywhere—the Cross, death, the Resurrection and the Ascension.

As Orthodox Christians, we do what it takes to follow Him everywhere, even when we don’t feel like it or are tempted by other priorities. Why? Because if we are not pressing toward perfection, then we are not following Christ to His Ascension. Achieving perfection is not what is required for union with Christ or life in Heaven with Him, but striving for perfection is. If we don’t even try, we will not be able to ascend with Him, because we will be too weighed down by the heavy and temporary cares of this world. But if we strive with inspiration and focus, then we will ascend with Him. That is our potential. Let’s live up to it.

To the ascended Jesus Christ therefore be all glory, honor and worship, with His Father and the Holy Spirit, now and ever, and unto ages of ages. Amen.


  1. Great article Father Andrew. Getting to know Jesus and following in his footsteps will truly help us to become like him. I especially like the part you wrote about friends, and how we become like them if we are around them and get to know them. I know this is true because I have experienced it first hand. Thank you for this article and your words of wisdom.

  2. Thank you Fr Andrew for this awesome article, explaining wonderfully the feast of the Ascension. As a newly converted Orthodox Christian at the age of 64, from Protestantism, I can truly say that the Ascension of Christ was only a day to be reminded that Christ went back to heaven and not really of great importance to me as a person.
    This article has really opened my eyes to SEE the resurrected Christ and the importance to work vigorously with love for Christ, towards my resurrection in Him. Glory to the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit.

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