The Veil Removed: The Glory Revealed (Sat. Oct. 31)

The word of the day is “veil.”  In our reading of 2 Corinthians. 3:12-18,  St. Paul contrasts the clarity of our vision of Christ with the reading of the Law of Moses.  The Apostle writes, “But even to this day, when Moses is read a veil lies on their hearts.  Nevertheless, when one turns to the Lord, the veil is taken away” (vs. 13-14). The key to the passage is its controlling metaphor, the image of the veil.  Paul refers to when Moses came down from Mt. Sinai with the Tables of the Law (Exodus 34:29-35).  When he spoke to the Israelites, his face shown with the Glory of God.  But the people were afraid to approach him  (vs. 30).…

Trials May Produce Growth in Faith (Fri. Oct. 30)

The word of the day is “encourage .”  In our reading of Colossians 2:1-7, St. Paul encourages the believers in Colossae who face the challenge of false teachers who threaten to undermine their faith.  He commends them for their “good order and steadfastness of their faith” (vs.5). Paul rejoices in their persistence despite the persuasiveness of the heretics (vs. 4). The Apostle discloses his “great conflict” for those in Colossae, neighboring Laodicea,  and others in the region that he has not seen face to face. (vs. 1).  From the Greek word for “conflict,” we get the English word “agony.”  Paul is saying that he is in agony for the believers because of the external threat to their faith (Strong’s #73,5).…

The Mystery of “Christ in Us” (Thurs. Oct. 29)

The word of the day is “mystery.”  In our reading of Colossians 1:24-29, St. Paul speaks about the desire to know the secrets of the universe. The Orthodox Study Bible notes that the Colossian heretics wanted to know such hidden knowledge (OSB fn. on 2:3).  But Paul answers this desire by pointing to the “mystery hidden from the ages, now revealed”  (vs. 25). Paul’s remarks suggest that the heresy that threatened to mislead the congregation at Colossae has some characteristics of “mystery cults” along with features of Gnosticism (See Tuesday, October 27). At the time in the Roman Empire, various secret societies taught obscure myths of the cosmic cycles of birth, life, death, and rebirth. Clandestine rituals initiated converts into…

Once Alienated Now Reconciled (Wed. Oct. 28)

The word of the day is “alienated.”  In our reading of Colossians 1:18-23, St. Paul proclaims that Christ has “made peace through the blood of His cross” (vs.20).  Why did it take the suffering of the Cross for the Father to “reconcile all things to himself”? Why couldn’t some sweet words of His lovingkindness have accomplished it? Why couldn’t our Heavenly Father have declared his unmerited forgiveness of sinners without such the shedding of the Lord’s blood? Theologians have wrestled with these questions throughout the centuries.  In our reading, St. Paul refers to the “human condition” to give one answer.  He states, “you… were once were alienated and enemies [of God] in your mind by wicked works…” (vs. 21).  Paul…

The Ladder of the Knowledge of Christ (Tuesday, October 27)

The word of the day is “knowledge.”  Today we begin reading St. Paul’s letter to the  Colossians.   In this passage of Chapter 1:1-2, 7-9, the Apostle writes that he constantly prays for the congregation at Colossae, near Ephesus.  As we open this epistle, we immediately note Paul’s special concern and why he wrote the letter. Paul prays “that you may be filled with the knowledge of His will in all wisdom and spiritual understanding (vs. 9). Paul Confronts False Knowledge You see, St. Paul writes  to refute an early form of the heresy of “Gnosticism.”  He refers to this false teaching in Chapter 2:9; “Beware lest anyone cheat you through philosophy and empty deceit according to the tradition of men…”…

Offerings: a Means of Expressing Devotion (Mon. Oct. 26)

The word of the day is “gift.”  St. Paul closes our reading of the Philippians with our reading of Chapter 4:10-23.  This passage is a skillfully written thank you note for the generosity of Paul’s favorite congregation. To conclude his letter, Paul expresses his exuberant gratitude for the gift of monetary support that the Philippians have sent.  Somehow something must have held up that donation’s arrival.  But Paul graciously overlooks the delay.  The Philippians “lacked the opportunity,” he writes (vs. 10).  But now Paul is pleased that their concern for him has blossomed like the flowers of spring. Accomplishing Everything Through Christ Yet Paul wants his favorite congregation to know that the important thing is not his need.  He knows…

The Origin and Nature of Holy Tradition (Sun. Oct. 25)

The Word of the Day is “revelation.”  In our reading of Galatians 1:11-19 today, St. Paul defends His Gospel message, “But I make known to you, brethren that the gospel which was preached by me is not according to man. For I neither received it from man, nor was I taught it, but it came through the revelation of Jesus Christ (vs. 11-12).  These words refer to the origin of Holy Tradition as The Orthodox Study Bible notes, “Apostolic tradition is grounded in divine revelation from Jesus Christ” (OSB fn. on 1:11,12). But what was the revelation?  It was not a bound book drifting down from heaven or a discourse dictated by an angel.  According to 2 Peter, “we [the apostles] did not follow…

Prayer Participates in God’s Work (Sat. Oct. 24)

The word of the day is “deliverance.”  In our reading of 2 Corinthians 1:8-11, St. Paul writes that God has delivered “us” from some unnamed peril.  Some believe that the Apostle refers to the menace of his adversaries in Ephesus (1 Cor. 6:9).  But Paul’s story is filled with plots, threats, slanders, imprisonments, beatings, illnesses, and shipwrecks.  He was lost at sea, in frequent danger from robbers, and even stoned (2  Cor. 11:25).  But if Paul divulges the sense of danger and distress in this unidentified incident, it is only to emphasize his deliverance. In Dire Straits The word “trouble” is too weak for what Paul endured. At its root, the Greek word for “trouble” is “to be pressured” or…

To Gain Christ (Fri. Oct. 23)

The word of the day is “gain.”   In our reading of Philippians 3:8-19, St. Paul states, “Yet indeed I also count all things loss for the excellence of the knowledge of Christ Jesus my Lord, for whom I have suffered the loss of all things, and count them as rubbish, that I may gain Christ…” (3:8). But this lofty statement begins in the middle of the Apostle’s thought. Paul has railed against the Judaizers who are promoting circumcision to bind believers to the Mosaic Law.  Like them, he says he once entrusted his salvation to his circumcision and obedience to the Law of Moses. He lists his credentials as a “Hebrew of the Hebrews,” a Pharisee who excelled in the…

Worship That Ascends to the Throne of God (Thurs. Oct. 22)

The word of the day “Spirit.”  In our reading of Philippians 3:1-8, St. Paul warns again about the Judaizers who would persuade the Philippians to be circumcised to become true Christians. The Apostle cautions that circumcision is merely an outward sign in the physical body, the “flesh.” What counts is the “circumcision of the heart” as the prophet Jeremiah declared” (Jeremiah 4:4).  To this Word of the prophet, Paul adds, “…and circumcision is that of the heart, in the spirit, and not in the letter” (Romans 2:29). Worship Inspired and Empowered by the Spirit If so, then Paul can say without hesitation, “We are the circumcision.”  St. John Chrysostom asks, “Which is superior, the soul or the body?  Evidently the…