The word of the day is “sanctify.” Today’s reading may be different because the OCA calendar has duplicates for this week. To avoid duplication, we will study 1 Thessalonians 5:14-23. In this passage, Paul closes his first letter to his flock in Thessalonica with a prayer. The apostle writes, “Now may the God of peace Himself sanctify you completely; and may your whole spirit, soul, and body be preserved blameless at the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ” (vs. 23). There is no greater blessing to ask for than to be sanctified. Paul’s prayer is that God Himself would bestow that grace of holiness and “consecrate” the faithful to Himself (Strong’s# 37, 3).
Sharing in the Holiness of God
Peter writes, “Be holy, for I [the Lord] am holy” (1 Peter 1:16). This instruction is a quotation from Leviticus, “For I am the LORD your God. You shall therefore consecrate yourselves, and you shall be holy; for I am holy” (Leviticus 11:44). This fundamental mandate to the People of God means that to be so set apart for the sacred is to share in the very sanctity that is the principal attribute of the Almighty. It also means that holiness is the will of God for those whom He has chosen to be His own.
Body, Mind, Spirit in the Unity
In our reading, Paul goes on to pray that the sanctity of the faithful might be “complete.” He asks that his flock’s holiness be whole and not lacking anything (Strong’s #3651,178.) This teaching means that the divine sanctification should apply to all parts of the believer: one’s entire spirit, soul, and body (vs. 23). If one of these parts of the self would be left out, the whole person would no longer be in harmony. One aspect of the self would fight against the other. One unholy part would cancel the holiness of the others. But because all parts of the person would share in the sacredness of God, the whole self would serve the Lord in the perfect unity of holiness.
St. John Chrysostom wrote: “Moreover if the devil does not dare to enter into the house where the Gospel lies, much less will he ever seize upon the soul which contains such thoughts as these, and no evil spirit will approach it, nor will the nature of sin come near. Well, then, sanctify your soul, sanctify your body by having these thoughts always in your heart and on your tongue. For if foul language is defiling and evokes evil spirits, it is evident that spiritual reading sanctifies the reader and attracts the grace of the Spirit” (Chrysostom, “Homilies on the Gospel of John, 37).
In this quotation Chrysostom speaks of sanctifying the soul and body. But if we associate thoughts with the mind, then his comment deals with all three of the parts of the self that Paul mentions in today’s reading.
Chrysostom suggests that what we dwell on, whether it be what is holy or what is unholy, will determine the state of our hearts whether it be holy or unholy. If the self concentrates on the ungodly, the tongue, an organ of the body, will express our sacrilegious nature. But if the person feeds on what is godly (such as the scriptures and spiritual reading), there will be no place in body, mind, or soul for the devil, temptations, and sin. The prayer of Paul will be answered, and the self will be wholly sanctifi