Book Review: Incarnation and Sacrament

Incarnation and Sacrament: The Eucharistic Controversy between Charles Hodge and John Williamson Nevin.  By Jonathan G. Bonomo In 2010, Jonathan Bonomo published his Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary M.A. thesis under the title: Incarnation and Sacrament.  The book’s small size (135 pages including references) belies its significance for Reformed theology and interfaith dialogue with Eastern Orthodoxy.  A number of well known Reformed theologians spoke highly of the book: Gabriel Fackre, Michael Horton, Peter Leithart,…

Reformed Church or Reinvented Church?

  Today’s posting is by Michael Bressem, Ph.D.  Michael studied theology at a Reformed seminary, Western Conservative Baptist Seminary.  Welcome Michael! According to the Oxford Dictionary, to reform means: “to make better by the removal of faults and errors.” Martin Luther famously started this process by the posting of “The Ninety-Five Theses” (1517)—a disputation against clerical abuses, especially the sale of indulgences. However, the Protestant reformers were not content merely to “correct”…

The Biblical Basis For Icons

In recent years there has been a growing interest among Evangelicals and Reformed Christians in Eastern Orthodoxy.  However, one of the major stumbling blocks for many is the use of icons in Orthodox worship.  The use of icons seems to violate the injunction against graven images found in the Ten Commandments.  Moreover, there seems to be a dearth of biblical texts pointing to the use of icons in the New Testament.  For…

Contra Sola Scriptura (Part 3 of 4)

Where Does Sola Scriptura Come From? The Humanist Origins of the Protestant Reformation   Evangelicalism is facing a crisis as growing numbers of Evangelicals convert to Roman Catholicism or Eastern Orthodoxy.  One reason is the crisis of sola scriptura — Scripture alone.  Scott Hahn, a graduate of Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary and later a professor at a small Presbyterian seminary, tells the story how he was floored by the question: “Professor, where does the…

Recommended Readings by Keith Mathison

Earlier there was quite a bit of discussion about whether Keith Mathison’s Shape of Sola Scriptura was the best there is on sola scriptura.  In an e-mail Keith told me that he didn’t consider his book the best on the subject.  He then listed several books and authors that give a more in-depth treatment on sola scriptura.  Some of the titles he lists date back to the seventeenth century but are available…

Calvin Versus The Icon: Was John Calvin Wrong?

One of the most striking differences between Orthodox and Protestant worship is icons.  When one enters an Orthodox church one encounters a profusion of images.  One sees the icon of Jesus Christ the Word made flesh.  One also sees an icon of the Virgin Mary, icons of the angels, and icons of the saints.  On the other hand, when one enters a Protestant church one sees an austere absence of images.  …

Contra Sola Scriptura (Part 2 of 4)

IF NOT SOLA SCRIPTURA THEN WHAT? The Biblical Basis for Holy Tradition Note: This posting is based upon a paper I wrote in 2001.  It was written to a broad audience: conservative Protestants and Evangelicals.  All Scripture citations are from the NIV, unless noted otherwise. Sola scriptura “the Bible alone” — one of the foundational tenets of Protestantism — is undergoing serious challenge in recent times as growing numbers of Evangelicals abandon this…