Orthodox Phenomenology

  2011 © Michael Bressem, Ph.D. A Reformed Christian man and an Orthodox Christian woman are looking at an icon together of the Baptism of Christ called, “The Theophany.” The Reformed Christian states, “I have read about this icon and so I think I understand it. The dove represents the Holy Spirit and the ray of light from above represents God’s declaration: ‘This is my Son, the Beloved, with Whom I am well pleased.’…

Calvin Versus The Icon: Was John Calvin Wrong?

One of the most striking differences between Orthodox and Protestant worship is icons.  When one enters an Orthodox church one encounters a profusion of images.  One sees the icon of Jesus Christ the Word made flesh.  One also sees an icon of the Virgin Mary, icons of the angels, and icons of the saints.  On the other hand, when one enters a Protestant church one sees an austere absence of images.  …

Ligonier Ministries on Eastern Orthodoxy

After years of obscurity on the American religious landscape, Eastern Orthodoxy is beginning to catch the attention to Evangelical leaders.  In 2004, Ligonier Ministries sponsored a national conference “A Portrait of God” which featured: J. Ligon Duncan III, R.C. Sproul and John MacArthur.  At one of the Q&A sessions, the moderator noted that he had received several questions about Eastern Orthodoxy. It is unfortunate that these well known Reformed theologians made erroneous…