In Defense of “Plucking the TULIP”: A Response to Jacob Aitken

  On 8 August 2013, Jacob Aitken, the administrator for Reformed Principia aka Bayou Huguenot aka Outlaw Presbyterianism, posted what he claims to be a rebuttal of my article: “Plucking the TULIP: Part I.”  PDF file. See Aitken’s Responding to Orthodox Bridge: Part One.  Below is my response to him.   TULIP = Calvinism? Jacob Aitken writes: Arakaki identifies Calvinism with TULIP with Predestination.  In doing so he is operating off of the…

Early Jewish Attitudes Toward Images

Book Review: Early Christian Attitudes toward Images by Steven Bigham (2 of 4) This blog posting is a continuation of an earlier review of Fr. Steven Bigham’s book.  In this posting I will be reviewing and interacting with Bigham’s arguments in Chapter 2. Chapter 2 examines early Jewish attitudes toward images.  This is important because modern Protestant iconoclasm assumes that the early Christians inherited from the Jews a hostile attitude towards images. …

Clearing the Way for Reformed-Orthodox Dialogue on Icons

  Book Review: Early Christian Attitudes toward Images by Steven Bigham (1 of 4) In recent years icons have become a matter of public debate among Protestants and Evangelicals, and Orthodox Christians.  Where in the past Protestants thought of icons as an Orthodox peculiarity or a quaint dispute quickly passed over in church history class, they are coming to grips with the fact that icons present a serious theological challenge to their…

Is St. Patrick an Orthodox Saint?

  This coming Sunday will mark the feast day of Saint Patrick – Bishop of Armagh and Enlightener of Ireland.  This may come as a surprise to many that St. Patrick was and is an Orthodox Saint centuries before Rome split from the Holy Apostolic Church. The rule of thumb for Orthodox Christians is that a Latin Christian who lived after the Great Schism of 1054, while they may have lived exemplary…

"Plucking the TULIP" in PDF format

(Amended 2 April 2013) I have combined the various postings on “Plucking the TULIP” into one long (26 pages) research style paper.  The aim here is to make the overall argument against TULIP available in one document.  Hopefully, this will make it more convenient for readers to  follow the arguments I have been making concerning the Reformed doctrine of double predestination. Note: In response to various comments I made a number of…

An Eastern Orthodox Critique of Mercersburg Theology

  Mercersburg Theology’s High Church Calvinism: A Dead End? In recent years a renewed interest in Mercersburg Theology has emerged among Calvinists.  This can be seen by Keith Mathison’s Given For You: Reclaiming Calvin’s Doctrine of the Lord’s Supper (2002), W. Bradford Littlejohn’s The Mercersburg Theology and the Quest for Reformed Catholicity (2009) and Jonathan G. Bonomo’s Incarnation and Sacrament: The Eucharistic Controversy between Charles Hodge and John Williamson Nevin (2010). See also…

Defending the Vincentian Canon "Everywhere, Always, and By All" — A Response to Outlaw Presbyterianism

On 3 July 2012 the blog site Outlaw Presbyterianism criticized the OrthodoxBridge for its use of the Vincentian Canon.  It’s sad to see a friendly inquirer take a more antagonistic stance towards Orthodoxy, but a number of points were raised that can help further Orthodox-Reformed dialogue. He writes: The one common refrain at OrthodoxBridge is that Protestants can’t find any of their distinctives in the early Fathers of the church.   This charge…