Zacchaeus Up a Tree

With the possible literary exception of Tarzan, real men do not climb trees.  At least they didn’t in the Middle East in the time of Jesus.  Neither did they run.  Running was for children, and professional messengers, and soldiers.  Adults who were neither professional runners nor soldiers did not run.  They strolled at a leisurely pace, as befit men of importance and great dignity.

It is important to keep these bits of Middle Eastern culture in mind when we read the story of Zacchaeus in Luke’s Gospel.  He badly wanted to see Jesus when he heard at the last minute that He was passing through his town of Jericho.  There was a great crowd surrounding Him, and Zacchaeus, being a short little man, could not see past the crowd.  Normally Middle Eastern crowds would make way for rich important people, but Zacchaeus knew there was little chance of that.  He was a chief tax-collector, someone who had fattened himself and feathered his nest through ripping them off at every opportunity, and he was well and thoroughly hated for it as a result.  No one in the anonymous crowd was going to make way for him, and wading into the crowd was too dangerous.  Like all people who were hated, Zacchaeus avoided wading into crowds; his back would be too exposed to anyone carrying a knife.

But so great was his desire to see Jesus that he did something no important adult with the least bit of concern for his dignity would do:  “He ran on ahead and climbed up into a sycamore tree to see Him” (Lk. 19:4).  Note:  he both ran and climbed into a tree.   By doing so he exposed himself to ridicule, and this in a culture where public honour meant everything.  Perhaps he felt he was so hated already that he had nothing to lose, but I think it still cost him something to run and to climb.  When he ascended the sycamore, he left the last tattered shreds of his pride at the base of the tree.

Then it happened:  the unthinkable.  Zacchaeus not only saw Christ, but the Lord stopped under the tree and looked up at him.  I imagine that for a moment Zacchaeus’ heart was in his mouth, as he waited the long moment before Jesus began to speak.  What would He say?  Jesus was known to be on the side of the poor—the very poor that he had been cheating and oppressing for years.  “Blessed are you poor, for yours is the Kingdom of God!  Woe to you that are rich, for you have received your consolation in full!  Woe to you that are full now, for you shall hunger!  Woe to you that laugh now, for you shall mourn and weep!” (Luke 6:20, 24-25)   What would He say him?  His guilty conscience prepared itself for a terrible tongue-lashing.  But the justified tongue-lashing never came.  Instead, Jesus said something even more shocking:  “Zacchaeus, hurry and come down, for today I must stay at your house” (Luke 19:5).

Again, we must leave our own culture for a bit to enter into that of Zacchaeus.  Jesus addressed him by name, a sign of tenderness and love.  And He asked for hospitality, a sign of acceptance.  Given that Zacchaeus was easily the worst and most hated man in town, the one voted “Most Likely to be Struck Down by God”, such love was staggeringly unexpected.  With his customary understatement Luke records that when the crowd saw it, “They all grumbled, ‘He has gone in to be the guest of a man who is a sinner’” (Luke 19:7).  Such is the love of God:  it outrages decency and justice, and calls all to repentance—even grasping, oppressing scum like Zacchaeus.

The sprinting and tree-climbing of Zacchaeus challenges us as we head into Great Lent.  Zacchaeus wanted to see Jesus so badly that he left all his pride and dignity in a spattered heap at the bottom of the tree.  What are we willing to leave behind?  Our pride and refusal to forgive those who have hurt us?  Our laziness and failure to say our daily prayers?  Our greed and love of possessions?  We don’t have to leave any of these things behind if we don’t want to.  We can go through Lent more or less unchanged, and keep all of our habits intact.  We can remain as we are, content and leisurely, and stroll through life in dignified serenity.  But then we won’t see Jesus, and He will pass through our town without stopping.   Better to run and climb, better to divest ourselves of our pride and whatever else stands between us and a saving encounter with the Lord.   The little tax-collector of Jericho badly wanted to see Jesus.  How badly do we want to see Him?

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