What Good is the Holy Fire?

The so-called “Holy Fire” is the name given to the fire that appears on ends of the candles of the Patriarch of Jerusalem and others every Holy Saturday. The Patriarch, accompanied by a church crammed filled with others, awaits for the annual miracle every Holy Saturday. On that day the Patriarch strips himself of his holy robes and enters the Tomb of Christ with a bundle of unlit tapers, says certain prayers, and then awaits for his tapers to be miraculously lit from heaven. He is not disappointed: his tapers are miraculously lit every year and he emerges from the Tomb with the flame to the tumultuous shouting of everyone in the Church of the Holy Sepulchre. The light is shared with everyone there, and then taken to others who transport it back to their homes, sometimes in far countries. This year the Holy Fire and miraculous light has been carried back to those in North America. My own little parish of St. Herman’s in Langley, B.C. received the light from our neighbouring parish across the border in the State of Washington on a Saturday night, and we shared it with our own parishioners the following Sunday morning. As I write the fire remains burning in our family icon corner, and in the icon corners of many in our parish. Some may ask the question, “What good is the Holy Fire? How does it help anyone? What’s the point?”

I am not here concerned to answer those who deny the miraculous nature of the original gift every Holy Saturday. Those who like to read may refer to such volumes as Holy Fire by Haris Skarlakidis. Others may Google the event and witness it on Youtube as they wish. I have seen on Facebook (that faithful oracle) a video debunking the miracle in which the debunkers produce fire without the aid of a lighter, and this, they assert, is how the fraud is accomplished every year. Since the Holy Fire has been filmed as not singeing hair during the first fifteen minutes of its miraculous existence, I invite the debunkers to reproduce this experience also, and subject their facial hair to the same treatment of washing in their newly-produced non-miraculous flame so that we may observe the results. If their own hair does not burn (as the hair first subjected to the Holy Fire does not burn) I will be interested. And greatly surprised.

My focus here is on not the sceptics who doubt the miraculous nature of the Holy Fire. My focus rather is on the significance of the miracle itself, and I address the question, “What good is the Holy Fire?” That significance, I suggest, is two-fold.

The first is that the Holy Fire witnesses to the miraculous nature of the Christian Faith itself. Many New Testament scholars since the time of David Strauss (d. 1874) have assumed the principle that the miraculous does not exist, but they are fools—highly educated and perhaps smarter than you and I, but still fools nonetheless. In fact the ministry of Jesus was attended by a multitude of miracles (acknowledged even by His enemies, though they attributed these miracles to the power of the devil), and His life culminated in the miracle of His resurrection from the dead. That miracle was quickly succeeded by the miracle of Pentecost and other miracles done by the hands of the apostles. Miracles have abounded and still abound in the Church, which is miraculous throughout.

In fact in every generation the Church survives by new miracles, such as the miracle of the new birth and the transformation of bread and wine into the Body and Blood of Christ. The official name for such a regular supply of miracles is “sacraments”. One may also mention other miracles such as miracles of healing through the hands of the clergy and the relics of saints, but that hardly matters. The main miracle is that of the new birth, whereby sinners are re-created as the children of God and the co-heirs of Christ. This reveals that Christianity is not a philosophy, but the presence of the living Christ in our midst. Dead philosophers do not work miracles; a living Saviour does. The fact that the Holy Fire comes as a miracle from heaven every year expresses and confirms the miraculous nature of the Christian Faith. Miracles, of course, come when they are needed, and it seems that the Holy Fire first came when it was needed most—during the time of the Islamic oppression of the Church, when the Christians suffering under the yoke of Muhammad most needed confirmation that their faith in the crucified and risen Christ was true.

The second thing to note about the Holy Fire is that it witnesses to the way that Christianity is spread—i.e. from person to person, just as the flame is spread from person to person, beginning at its epicenter in Jerusalem. We note a kind of recapitulation of the original spread of the Gospel: the Gospel spread from the upper room in Jerusalem, then to Judea, then to Samaria, then to the ends of the earth, even as the Lord had said (Acts 1:8). That is, it spread from person to person, as each one spoke the Word and gossiped to his neighbour what he or she had heard about Jesus. Like the flame spreading from candle to candle, so the Word of the Gospel spread from person to person. That new Gospel reality not only spread geographically, but also temporally, so that the same Gospel message spread from person to person across the globe, and also from decade to decade and across the centuries. The shorthand for such a method of transmission is called “Holy Tradition”. Just as the one Gospel was once spread throughout the centuries from apostolic Jerusalem and reached as far as our own parish in Langley, so the same flame is now transferred from candle to candle, beginning in Jerusalem and eventually even reaching the west coast of British Columbia. The flame now burning in my icon-corner is the same flame which the Patriarch of Jerusalem first received on a recent Holy Saturday, and the faith we confess in our parish is the same faith which the apostles confessed in Jerusalem on the day of Pentecost, when another miraculous fire descended upon their heads.

It is true, of course, that having the Holy Fire in our icon-corners does not provide any shortcut to sanctity, much less any substitute for it. Whether or not we have the Holy Fire we still need to strive mightily for holiness and pray and fast and read our Bibles and go to Church. If we do not do these essential things, it will matter little whether or not we have the Holy Fire burning in our icon-corners. But though it does not provide a substitute for holiness, it does provide an expression of our own inter-connectedness with those other Orthodox who have accepted the Holy Fire with gratitude and of our place within the communion of saints generally. We are not alone, though the walk of faith can sometimes feel very lonely. When I look at the flame burning upon my own little icon-corner, I cannot help but think of all the multitude of my brothers and sisters who have also received that miraculous gift, and who are perhaps thinking of people like me. We are all one, united within the same fire of faith, a flame first kindled two millennia ago in Jerusalem.



  1. Dear father

    Christ is risen!
    Considering all that is wrong – in the mind of the World, amongst the people in the Church, within ourselves – this is a really heartwarming article. Thank you!

    In Christ
    Robert Johannes Ulrich

  2. Blessings, Father.
    Having heard of the miraculous event of the Holy Fire, I thank you for the opportunity to finally look a bit further. Before I even got past the first paragraph though, I was amazed that the Holy Fire was transported to homes ‘in far countries’. I’m visualizing transporting that flame…out the Church…in the car…to the airport (what airline allows ‘fire’ on board? A lantern, or such? You can’t even board with a bottle of mouthwash!)…back in the car…to your house. Then watching a You Tube video of the event made me wonder even more. To me, that is just as much of a miracle as the non-singeing of the Holy Fire itself.
    I believe what you say, that the Holy Fire is a witness to the miraculous nature of our Faith and how our Faith is spread from person to person, beginning at the very place of it’s birth, Jerusalem. What wondrous things our Lord does as a witness of His presence, even to this day!
    As an aside….watching that video was an eye-opener. Even though we are all of the same Faith, the cultural difference, the expression of our Faith (I’m referring mostly to the crowds outside the Church), was startling. The closest I’ve seen, and not really very close, was the exuberance of a Pentecostal gathering. Otherwise, by comparison, churches in the west, including us Orthodox are quite “tame”.
    I noticed the skeptics too. One online “Christian” forum said we’re under the power of Satan. The Satan who causes divisions in the churches, any church, he doesn’t care. So who’s under his power? It’s sad that they can not be enriched by the experience of such miracles. They’re missing out on a lot of Grace. And unity ‘within the same fire of faith’, as you say. That form of communion is precious beyond words.
    Thank you Father Lawrence. Always more to learn!

    1. There are indeed cultural differences among us! I suspect that one reason some of our Orthodox people stumble and disbelieve in the miracle is precisely because of the “rusticity” (let us call it) of some of the enthusiasts. We are so sophisticated, refined, scholarly–none of this simplistic jumping around for us! But whatever the drawbacks of such rusticity (and there are drawbacks), it is through the mass of such rustics through the centuries that the Faith has been preserved.

      1. “…none of this simplistic jumping around for us!’ I have to laugh! Recently I heard a podcast on AFR that was interviewing a priest from Uganda. One thing that stuck in my mind was when he said (paraphrasing) “we do things a little different … at times during the service we dance, in a line, up and down the aisles”. That was another good ‘visual’ for me…our African brothers and sisters in a line dance at Church! Oh yeah! Glory to God…every tribe, nation and tongue!! May they never become ‘rustic’!

  3. Thank you, Father Lawrence, for these comments about the Holy Fire. I have been hoping someone would begin to talk about its meaning since we received it at our church, Sts. Cyril and Methody in Granite City, Illinois. The analogy with the spread of the Gospel was most striking. I will always carry that image with me and hope it will inspire me to talk more of my faith with other people.

    1. Thank you for your kind words. You might be interested in another piece I did on the possible origin/ ratiionale of the Holy Fire (though the embedded link seems no longer to work). The piece is at: oca.org/reflections/fr.-lawrence-farley/musing-on-the-holy-fire .

    1. I have no idea why 15 minutes. But eye-witnesses report that after 15 minutes it burns like any other fire. I don’t imagine it was time with a stop-watch; I assume the number is just an estimate. It is an intriguing question.

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