Praise Choruses, Praise Choruses, Praise Choruses, O Praise Choruses



Heh. Reminds me of the time I was asked to lead a retreat for the women of an evangelical church, and they balked at the Jesus Prayer, charging that it was “vain repetition.” (Yes, this was after we’d sung quite a few repetitive praise choruses.)

I don’t object to repetition in prayer, because we need to repeat ourselves when we are saying something so profound, or so complex, that saying it once doesn’t exhaust it. We need complex and instructive prayers and hymns as well; we’re not toddlers. But, with words that are simple but deep, it’s sometimes good to just repeat them. I always give the example that, when a husband on his honeymoon tells his wife, “I love you, I love you, I love you,” she doesn’t say, “I heard you the first time.”

Repeating phrases of prayer gives us a chance to rest in the presence of the Lord, rather than following the relentless bloodhound of the mind to more new ideas, and new ideas, and new ideas. Exhausting. It gives us a chance to put the mind in neutral for a change, and rest. And what can happen after that—the mind might even go into reverse and start listening, and sensing the presence of the Lord, and hearing his voice. You need to have quiet, inner silence, in order to do that, but repetitive prayer can be a handy stepping-stone on the way to quiet listening.

One more thing: this phrase about not using “vain repetition” in prayer comes from the King James translation of Matthew 6:7.  “When ye pray, use not vain repetitions, as the heathen do.” Other translations say that we should not “heap up empty phrases.” The idea was that “heathen” prayer incorporated a lot of empty flattery for the gods, and those extra verbal decorations were likely not sincere, and therefore in vain. A prayer is never “in vain” unless you don’t mean it. If you are praying desperately for someone who is ill, and your heart cries all day, “Please heal him, please heal him, please heal him,” that is not vain repetition. Because your prayer is urgent, it is always on your mind, and you need to say it to the Lord every time you think it. You don’t have to think up a new way of phrasing it every time; it’s OK to use the same words.

And, because we live in time, it’s OK to keep saying the same prayer. If we lived a single timeless moment, saying this prayer with full attention one time would be sufficient. But we live in a river of time, and each moment is swiftly replaced by the next. So when we get to the end of a prayer, if we want to continue expressing that thought, we have to go back to the beginning and say the words again. As long as time passes, we’ll have the need to repeat our prayers.

That’s the last point to make. Jesus said that we should not “heap up empty phrases, like the heathen do.” He went on to say, “Pray then like this: Our Father, who art in heaven…”

And he proceeded to teach them the Lord’s Prayer, the “Our Father.” Most Christians say that prayer more than once in their lifetime. They say all the same words, in the same order, with even the same emphases falling in the same places. They don’t feel obligated to think up new words every time. When Christ said “Pray then like this,” people took it as an instruction to pray exactly like this, and have passed on that prayer from one generation to the next without rewriting or thinking up new things to say.

Repetition? It has its place. Most of our Orthodox prayer is very theologically complex and instructive. You get a seminary education, just being in church. But there are times when a simple, repeated prayer is just right.

About Frederica Mathewes-Green

Frederica Mathewes-Green is a wide-ranging author who has published 10 books and 800 essays, in such diverse publications as the Washington Post, Christianity Today, Smithsonian, and the Wall Street Journal. She has been a regular commentator for National Public Radio (NPR), a columnist for the Religion News Service,, and Christianity Today, and a podcaster for Ancient Faith Radio. (She was also a consultant for Veggie Tales.) She has published 10 books, and has appeared as a speaker over 600 times, at places like Yale, Harvard, Princeton, Wellesley, Cornell, Calvin, Baylor, and Westmont, and received a Doctor of Letters (honorary) from King University. She has been interviewed over 700 times, on venues like PrimeTime Live, the 700 Club, NPR, PBS, Time, Newsweek, and the New York Times. She lives with her husband, the Rev. Gregory Mathewes-Green, in Johnson City, TN. Their three children are grown and married, and they have fourteen grandchildren.

Christian Life


  1. Beloved Frederica, thank you for this; it turned out to be an efficacious correction of some narrow thinking on my part. Isaak

  2. God continues to show me my lack of understanding through people like you! Thanks so much for the thoughts that will help me in further discussions with those who continually hold The Church at arms length as I did at one time with these arguments 🙂 God Bless. Hope we can have you at St. Mary's Goshen again sometime.

  3. My buddies make fun of me for re-watching tennis matches. I'll sometimes watch a match 3 times or more. I guess I'll re-watch a match, even though I know who wins, simply because it's good tennis. I'll re-listen to songs that I love. I'll watch movies that I like more than once. I don't think it's a whole lot different in my prayer life. I pray the hours. It's basically the same every day. Again, it's just great stuff! Holy Stuff! And, I get to do that everyday. Not sure why that doesn't' get old, because in any other situation that doesn't work. If I ate my favorite snack, Cheese Waffies, everyday, I'm sure I would tire of that. But, with Jesus Christ it is new everyday. The repetition in prayer is always fresh and the truth is, I'm always learning something new in the repetition.

    Thank you, Frederica

  4. I'm non-hearing, so your cartoon hit the right note. I don't get tonal differences nor music, so I gave up on hymns and especially on those with repetition of phrases. Boring, not edifying.

    Relative to prayer, the only time I've heard criticism about vain repetition was because the teenager praying used "Lord" almost as a filler. Understandable, ya know.

    OTOH, "empty flattery for the gods" fits in most Protestant groups. What does "infinite" mean, for instance? The aforementioned "Lord" means big boss, not God, the general meaning in Scripture. I could go on. Sermons, books, and talks are full of these things. "My God is bigger than yours," is what I get from them.

    I thought I was the only one catching the flattery and calling it for what it is but now I have you to thank for bringing out Jesus' point in about it in Matthew 6:7. Thank you.

    FMG: Thanks for your encouragement, Muddleglum. Have a great Lent.

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